Jerusalem Education Religion


What is Judaism? Who is a Jew? Is Judaism just a religion? Is it a cultural identity or just an ethnic group?

Are the Jews a nation? What do the Jews believe, and do they all believe in the same things?

The dictionary definition of the “Jew” includes “members of the tribe of Judah,” “the Israelites,” the citizens of a nation that existed in Palestine from the 6th century BC to the 1st century AD, “” one who is part of continuity through offspring or repentance Of the ancient Jews, “and” a person of Judaism. “

According to rabbinic Judaism, a Jew is someone who has a Jewish mother or someone who officially embraces Judaism. Leviticus 24:10 is often cited to give credibility to these beliefs although the Torah does not make specific claims to support this tradition. Please visit Jerusalem U

Some rabbis say that there is nothing to do between what one really believes and the status of a Jew. They claimed that the Jews did not have to submit to Jewish law and custom, in order to be considered Jewish.

In fact, a Jew could be someone who has absolutely no belief in God but is still defined as a Jew based on the rabbinic interpretation above.

Other rabbis proclaim only when one follows the laws and receives the “Thirteen Principles of Faith” from Maimonides (Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, one of the greatest Jewish scholars of the Middle Ages), he is not a Jew.

Although this person may be “biologically” Jewish, he is deemed to have no connection with Judaism if he does not accept the “Thirteen Principles of Faith” from Maimonides.

In the Torah – the first five books of the Bible – Genesis 14:13 teach that Abraham, generally regarded as the first Jew, is therefore called a “Hebrew.”

The name “Jew” comes from the name Judah, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, who is also one of the twelve tribes of Israel. Apparently, the term “Jew” originally refers only to those who belong to the tribe of Judah. However, when the kingdom of Israel split after the reign of Solomon (1 Kings 12), this term refers to anyone in the kingdom of Judah, including the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and Levi.

Today, many groups believe that a Jew is anyone of Abraham’s, Isaac’s and Jacob’s descendants, regardless of which tribe he came from.

So what do the Jews believe, and what are the basic laws of Judaism? Today, there are five main forms or sects of Judaism in the world. They are Orthodox, Conservative, Reformed, Reconstructionist, and Humanistic. The beliefs and demands of each group differ from one another. However, the list of traditional Jewish beliefs will summarily include the following:

God is the Creator of all things; He is the one, the spirit (without body) and only He who is to be worshiped as the absolute ruler of the universe.

The first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures were revealed by God to Moses. They will not be changed or added in the future.

God has communicated with the Jews through the prophets.

God is concerned with human activities; He rewards good people and punishes evil people.


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